Hydration and Electrolytes


Did you ever get a cramp half way into a bike ride or run? It’s a horrible feeling isn’t it? Not only does it hurt, one often wonders if they will even make it home! Muscle cramps are often symptoms of improper hydration and/or electrolyte imbalance. Whether you are a beginning or elite athlete, proper hydration and electrolyte consumption are essential for health and performance. Below we will discuss electrolytes (what are they?) and the role they play along with proper fluid replacement in athletic performance. The human body has evolved elaborate mechanisms to monitor and maintain water and electrolyte balance. It does this because these are so critical to function. Humans can survive for days without food, but can die within 3 days without water.

Let’s look into the terms and the important issues more closely. The term “Body water” refers to all of the water content of the human body. A significant fraction of the human body is water. The total amount of water in a 70 kilograms human (154 lbs) is approximately 40 liters, averaging 57 percent of his total body weight (Guyton’s Textbook of Medical Physiology). So you are more water than anything else!

Key Electrolytes in the Body

Body fluids (water) contain electrolytes. Electrolytes are salts of various types each of which play a critical role in physiology (function) and in athletic performance. The best known salt is so called table salt which is usually sodium chloride (NaCl). When NaCl is put into water the Na and Cl atoms separate into positive and negative ions: Na+ and Cl-. Note that the + or – sign in the superscript denotes that these are positive (+) or negative (-) ions in solution. These charged ions permit water to conduct electricity hence the name electro-lytes. These electrical properties are critically important for such things as heart blood pumping, nerve conduction and skeletal muscle contraction; all things important to the athlete.

Because of this critical need for proper hydration and appropriate electrolyte balance, the body has a myriad of redundant systems that all function to monitor and maintain hydration and electrolyte balance. For example, the kidneys monitor blood levels and work to keep electrolyte levels in the blood constant. Hormones (such as antidiuretic hormone (ADH), aldosterone and parathyroid hormone) all regulate electrolyte balance. The body performs delicate balancing acts to keep water and electrolyte levels optimal. If blood sodium levels drop too low, the kidneys are stimulated to produce more urine. This restores balance by lowering the amount of water in the blood. If sodium levels get too high, thirst develops, stimulating the person to drink. Hormones secreted in response to thirst cause the kidneys to produce less urine and conserve water. During intense exercise and sweating these systems are taxed and the endurance athlete must sometimes anticipate where the system (body) is heading in terms of water and electrolyte status in order to avoid problems. The take home message here is: If you are thirsty – drink water! Your body is talking to you.

Let’s quickly review some of the main key electrolytes in the body. The recommended daily dietary intake for people is shown in parentheses. Sodium (1-2 grams), calcium (1-2 grams), chloride (1 gram), magnesium (0.4 grams) and potassium (2-4 grams) are the most common electrolytes in the human body. These electrolytes are essential for heart, nerve and muscle functions. They also play an important role in keeping fluid levels normal in different body compartments. Most people get sufficient electrolytes in the foods and drinks they normally consume. However during periods of intense prolonged physical activity there may be a need for additional electrolytes. The body looses electrolytes through sweating and it is eventually important to replace them. One of the main body fluids is blood and its content reflects the required electrolyte balance.

Serum Electrolytes Levels, Sweat Rates

Serum electrolyte levels (serum is the fluid part of blood):

• Sodium ˜ 3.2 grams / liter
• Potassium ˜ 0.16 grams / liter
• Calcium ˜ 0.1 grams / liter
• Chloride ˜ 3.5 grams / liter

One can see that sodium (Na+) and chloride (Cl-) are present in by far the greatest amount in serum (blood). Potassium (K+) and calcium (Ca++) ions are important intracellular (inside cells) ions and in the case of calcium much of it is in bones. Calcium plays a crucial role in muscle contraction (heart and skeletal muscle) as well as many other functions but the body has large stable reserves (the skeletal system) and replenishment is not usually required on a short term basis.

One liter of sweat typically contains about: 1.15g Sodium, 0.23g Potassium and 1.48g Chloride. These values vary widely among individuals but will be accurate to within about +/- 50%. The actual salt lost will depend upon the sweat rate (liters per hour) and the concentration (amount) of salt in the sweat. Ideally one would know these values for oneself, but it is fairly easy to make a good guess based on knowledge of how much you sweat (little vs. a lot) and how salty your sweat is (not very or very). If you have salt stains on your clothes and your sweat stings your eyes, chances are that you have significant amounts of salt in your sweat.

Normal sweat rates can range from 0.75 to 2 Liters/hour, depending on conditions such as temperature, humidity, exertion, clothing, and the degree of heat acclimation of the athlete. A rate of one liter per hour is not uncommon for a runner or cyclist. At that rate, typical electrolyte loss rates by sweat are ~1 g/hr for sodium, and 0.2 g/hr for potassium.

For the most part your body can make up for these losses for exercise up to 1.5 – 3 hrs but beyond that (and in preparation for going beyond that time) electrolytes should be consumed (e.g. starting at about 1.5 hrs). Sport drink companies want you to believe you need them all the time but this is not really the case especially if one eats a balanced diet. For most workouts water is sufficient for the first hour or so. And may not really be needed if one is sufficiently hydrated before and takes care to drink after exercise. For intense exercise at high levels of exertion, glucose based fuel may be needed before this time but not necessarily electrolytes. Note there is often a significant psychological benefit to sipping (especially cool) water during a work out. So drinking water early and often is a good thing.

Electrolytes, Sweat and Humidity

Ever notice how you seem to seat more when it is humid? Well that is an illusion and one to remember. Sweat is the body’s attempt to eliminate excess heat through evaporative cooling. When it is humid, sweat evaporation is less effective and the sweat just stays on you and drips off. So you feel sweaty. When it is very dry outside (low humidity), the sweat evaporates quickly. People can get into trouble in a dry environment because they think they don’t need to drink because they “are not sweating” but they really are they just don’t feel it.The same can happen on the bike when the wind helps evaporate the sweat quickly. So drink up!

Foods and Natural Sources of Electrolytes

A good natural source of electrolytes is from food. Fruit and vegetables, including canned or frozen vegetables like corn, carrots and green beans, are high in electrolytes, as are bread, milk, and fruit. Water with a small pinch of salt (1/3 tsp per liter), sugar (3-5 tsp/liter) and flour added to it will provide electrolytes and energy.

A teaspoon is approximately 5 grams (5000 mg) and for sodium chloride (table salt) about 1/2 of this is sodium (this is an approximation as a teaspoon measures volume and grams are a measure of mass and every item has a different mass but it is close enough). Most sport drinks sodium at contain ~ 50 mg / 100 ml (0.5 g / liter). So 1/2 tsp in 2 liters is about the correct amount.

Electrolyte content of some foods (note 100 g is about 3.5 oz)
mg/100g                                 Na        Cl         K
Wheat flour (whole)                   2         38      290
Rice (polished, raw)                   6         27       110
Potatoes                                  3        79       410
Carrots                                   50        69      311
Apricots                                  0.6       —      440
Dates (dried)                            1       290     790
Oranges                                   1       3       170
Bread (whole meal)                   540    860      220
Bananas                                   1      93       467

Homemade Recipes for Sports Drinks and Energy Electrolytes Gels

Ingredients for Homemade Sports Drinks (1 liter):

• Pure organic fruit juice concentrate (200-240 ml or 8 oz)
• Water or Green Tea (to 1 liter)
• Salt (1/4 – 1/3 teaspoon)

Homemade Energy Electrolyte Gel:

• 7 tablespoons of honey)
• 1 teaspoons of blackstrap molasses*
• 1/8 tsp of table salt

*Molasses contains 1460 mg K / 100 grams but only 37 mg Na. Honey contains even less Na.

Sports Snacks:

Nuts (salted peanuts) and raisins. Raisins have carbohydrates (sugars), and potassium but little sodium. Nuts have protein, fats and sodium. So they go well together.

Bottom Line!

Rule Number One: drink when you are thirsty! The typical endurance athlete needs to consume about 0.5 – 1 liter per hr (20 to 40 fluid ounces) of water, especially for exercise longer than 1 hr. After about 2 hrs if the effort is to continue, one should begin consuming electrolytes, primarily sodium. This can be in the form of a food or drink with at least 250 mg of sodium per 0.5 liter (or about 100 mg per 8 ounces) again with a consumption rate as above. We have not discussed fuel for performance here and that is for another time.

It is often convenient to consume a sport electrolyte drink under these conditions. These drinks contain other electrolytes, such as potassium, magnesium and calcium in the correct quantities. Again these are needed only if you’re doing a long workout (more than two hours that will continue) or you sweat a lot. The athlete should replace electrolytes at a rate of 250 to 500 mg per hour and hydrate at the recommended rate of 0.5 – 1 liter per hour. Another way to consume proper amounts of electrolytes is in the form of capsules. These offer similar ratios of electrolyte and should be taken with water.

Quick Facts on Hydration and Electrolytes

• Drink water when you feel thirsty – seems obvious but do it! Your body is talking to you.
Athletes need about 0.5 – 1 liter of water per hr for exercise longer than 1 hr.
• Electrolyte supplements are not needed within the first 1-2 hrs.
• The RDA for sodium ranges between 1200-1500 mg daily.
Most athletes lose around 1000 mg (1 gram) of sodium per hour, depending on how much they sweat. You do not and cannot replenish all of this, and attempting to do so may result in gastrointestinal distress, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
• Most sports drinks contain around 20-60 mg of sodium per 100 mL (500 mg / liter).
• One teaspoon of table salt (NaCl) contains 2400 mg of sodium.
• Soups like chicken and vegetable broth are good electrolyte sources.
Skim or low fat chocolate milk are excellent sport drinks.
• Foods such as watermelon, honeydew, cantaloupe, and other such fruits and vegetables are excellent sources of water, sugar, and electrolytes.
Nuts and dried fruits such as raisins, pineapple, apricots, plums, figs and apples are all good supplement alternatives.


Paul B. Bennett, Jr. Ph.D., completed his undergraduate studies at the University of Arkansas, earned his Ph.D in Pharmacology at the University of Arkansas for Medical Science and studied the medical sciences at the University of Rochester and Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. Paul is an avid cyclist! See Paul’s 1Vigor Log Calendar.

Email Paul at: pbbennettjr@aol.com or see Paul on Facebook



Related Questions

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    Q: Dasani water, if I remember correctly, was banned from the U.K. It contains salt as well as potassium chloride. Essentia contains calcium chloride, as well as sodium bicarbonate, magnesium sulfate, dipotassium phosphate. Are all the ingredients in Essentia safe? One would have do an independent test on the water. Dasani is crap and I no longer drink Essentia but it would be my brand of choice of bottled water if I was to purchase water again.


    Personally I have an alkaline-antioxidant water machine (Neptune brand) that produces alkaline, antioxidant, oxygenate, mineralized water that is made in Asia.

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    Q: I love to drink water, but I like to drink hot water you know boiling water slightly cooled. Is there a benefit, or disadvantage to this compared to drinking room temperature water? Secondly, the water I drink is boiled water. Alkaline water is not a privilege most Kenyans have. If 56% of the population is living below poverty line you do the math. So the water I drink is tap water, that I boil to make it safe for drinking. When I get to work I have Alkaline water as my work place provides me with that provision. I think this is detailed enough for you to get the picture and help. Once again (I love you) in Swahili for spreading the gospel!


    No difference at all, Beloved! Even the boiled water becomes room temperature water. You're doing fine! Thank you for your words as well! Much appreciated! Peace and Love!

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    Q: Thanks for the great web site! MY question is what's the best way to get sodium. I thought un-refined sea salt was the best, but the salt article says "eat this salt only if you must." The great thing about pure sea salt is that it all or almost all the minerals the body needs! So what's the best way to get all the mineral and to stay in balance? Also is there a way to get Epsom salt that is sodium sulfate not magnesium sulfate? Is it a good idea to bath in the "good" Epsom salt.


    You're welcome, Beloved!

    The best way to get sodium is via vegetables (i.e. celery).

    Sea salt is great source of sodium, but its a secondary source as it has to be processed from ocean water. Absent the process, it would not be available.

    But it does provide minute amounts of trace elements.

    In re Epsom salt, I haven't been able to find the sodium one.

    I stopped using Epsom salt many years ago.

    You could bath in the good Epsom salt, but sea salt is far better and more natural.

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    Q: My sister has sickle cell anemia and has to deal with her potassium levels being too high. Although she drinks plenty of water all of the time she was just hospitalized for being dehydrated as well as high potassium levels. This is my question; to help her dehydration if she drank water with the added vitamins would that help? and what can she do to control her potassium levels? She does not eat foods with potassium and her levels are still high.



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    Q: I've been a vegan for 2 years now. I've done the FBD 3 times in these two years, but my urine is still yellow. The only time it is clear is immediately after I drink water (reverse osmosis water). If I miss a day of drinking water, my urine goes back to being dark yellow. Does this mean that my body is still very toxic? Also, is it normal to release urine 5 to 15 minutes after drinking liquids? I would think that water would need to stay in the body for awhile for proper hydration and cleansing.


    From what you wrote I would suggest you start drinking alkaline water (purchase an alkaline water machine, you can find various brands in our e-book "Alternative Diet and Lifestyle Manual"). If you are urinating within 10-15 minutes of drinking water you are not absorbing the water, and thus you require micro-clustered water which an alkaline (and ionizing) water machine does. I also highly recommend consumption of our Kidneys-Bladder formula (3 capsules per day).

    Product Links:
    Alternative Diet and Lifestyle Manual
    Kidneys-Bladder and Adrenal

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    Q: At age 15 I started getting cysts in my sweat glands (under arms, under breasts, groin area). Doctors treated me with antibiotics and creams over the years... it left so much scar tissue...Around age 23 I had my sweat glands removed and at that time I was diagnosed with HS (Hydra denitus supporativa)... the problem went away for about a year, and eventually moved to another place (the groin).. seems to flare up monthly during my menstrual cycle.. Since then, I was diagnosed with kidney disease, I am a dialysis patient with High blood pressure, high cholesterol.. I am on at least 6 medications to regulate my blood pressure, cholesterol, potassium, and phosphorous levels.. Due to all these changes, my libido is extremely low and almost nonexistent.. I have a hard time achieving a climax with my partner...I am married with 3 young children... I've considered weight loss surgery as a way to finally get my weight under control as it has been a huge issue for the last 10 years. What can you recommend that I can take to detox and cleanse myself of all my health issues?? Is there really anything out there to help my situation??


    There's always help! Keep your mind focused and stay positive. Give the Full Body Cleanse a try followed by the Pancreas Cleanse.

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    Q: I have been off the full body cleanse for about a month, what I have noticed, when I haven't drank the amount of water needed, my anus begins to hurt as if I have heroics, I cannot wipe without having pain. I drink water, it seems all is fine. I ate fried chicken for the first time, in 3 months, and agin notice pain. So, I need the water, but what I explained, does it sounds right. I have been eating more veggies and fruit, in the last couple days, as well.


    Keep drinking plenty of water and start taking Dherbs' Intestinal Cleanser, and Bowel Motion. They will help to get rid of your hemorrhoidal condition.

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    Q: I am in need of cleansing my body and weight removal! (Removal and not loss because I don't want to find it again)! I need to remove about 80 pounds of unhealthy weight from my body and would like to do so in a natural way. I looked at both your Female Cleanse and the Full Body Cleanse, but don't know which is a better option for me to follow right now? I eat a lot of organic foods, I juice (some) but need to increase my water intake (A LOT). I don't drink much soda at all and when I do it is organic carbonated lemonade. I realize carbonated drinks are not good for us and limit how much I drink. My body lets me know when I have eaten something that is not good for me by causing my hands and feet to swell. To reduce this I drink water. I am allergic to wheat and try to stay away from it as much as possible. I have few ailments and have started working out again (cardio and weight training). I also looked at your weight loss products, but thought I should maybe detox first. What do you think? Any assistance you can offer on your products and which ones I should take is of great appreciation.

    A: The best thing for you is the Full Body Cleanse. The Full Body Cleanse will allow you to remove unwanted weight, while also optimizing your entier body so that you can maintain that weight and live a healthier lifestyle.


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    Q: I have hands that sweat until they drip and doesn't matter temperature. My feet sweat as well, hence I'm unable to wear open toe shoes which has a ripe environment for fungus. I also have a toenail fungus. I'd like to find something natural that I can take for my sweating hands and feet. Any sugguestion?


    Try or CIRCUL-AID FORMULA (3 capsules 2-3 times per day) for your sweating situation. Also, read our "â€TOE NAIL FUNGAL INFECTION†article on our "Articles" page.

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    Q: Is sea salt and warm water a good natural laxative? If so how often do you recommend the use of sea salt for elimination? I was reading The Master Cleanser by Stanley Burroughs and it gives this recommendation, along with drinking lemon water mixed with organic syrup and cayenne pepper. Is it safe to give myself an enema 2xs per day using a hot water bottle filled with fresh squeezed organic lemon and distilled water? Asking this because Bzod had me to listen to 88.3 today here in Cincinnati and the guy (Mike) was telling how he does this regularly and has great results.


    Yes, sea salt in water is a mild laxative!

    You can do it as often as you FEEL the need to drink or take it. 

    You can also consume the Master Cleanse (cayenne, maple syrup, lemon juice) if you choose. You can drink this as much as you like depending on how you feel.

    And yes, you can perform enemas 2X a day! Enemas are very helpful for health!

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    Q: This past May my sister started to have really bad asthma attacks and allergic relations to scents, dust etc, and a horrible cough. She was told by her doctor that she had asthma and was put on asthma medication, inhalers, etc. the symptoms got worse, she couldn't sleep because she was up all night coughing, the claritin didn't work, etc. She had been complaining the past week of feeling bloated, her ankles being swollen, not being able to breath when she layed down, etc. She couldn't even walk from desk to desk at work. On the way home last week she went into the Emergency room and was admitted and stayed 4 days. We soon found out that she had congenital heart failure and only 25% of her heart is pumping properly. She couldn't breath because of the water build up on her lungs and heart. The doctors said that the build up of antibodies in her system showed that she had contracted EB virus some years ago and it permanently damaged her heart. She is limited to only 64 ounces of water a day, takes water pills, blood pressure pills, and is not allowed to eat foods high in sodium. My question is, is there any herbs or vitamins that can be used to help her heart? I do not want her to get a pace maker or have a heart transplant. The medications that she is on now make her so weak and drowsy. I know the doctors said the heart damage is permanent, but I just need to know is there anything else that would help naturally?


    The heart failure is only permanent if you guys (especially your sister) BELIEVE so! What is believed is achieved! It's nothing but medical BS if you ask me!

    To CURE her heart condition, I would suggest she:

    1. Perform the Full Body Detox (absent any pharmaceutical drugs, but it is your sister's choice to stay on them or get off of them)

    2. While on the FBD, drink 2-4 cups of Hawthorn Berry tea

    3. After the FBD, she needs to take CARDIOVASCULAR Formula (3 capsules 2 times daily), CIRCUL-AID formula (3 capsules once daily), and BOWEL MOVER (3 capsules before bed every night).

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    Q: I'm taking the FULL BODY DETOX and I am noticing that I am extremely bloated and a lot of gas. I've taken this product before and don't remember any of this. Also my urine output is decreased from normal I drink a gallon of water a day? I drink the distilled water I was unable to find alkaline water.


    It's your body that has been through something, not the herbs. Your colon is speaking to you. Don't worry! Just keeping detoxing! Distilled water is good for detoxing!

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    Q: I am retaining water my feet and hands swell when stressed. I am hot and sweaty even during the winter. This sometimes causes my vagina to sweat and smell what can I do? I was recently diagnosed with HPV and had a really bad staph infection last march requiring surgery. Please help.


    First of all, EDUCATE yourself! Learn what caused the diseases in the first place! Each article will let you know what you need to (which is always detoxing w/ the FULL BODY DETOX). â€VAGINAL ODORS AND DISCHARGE†â€STAPH INFECTION†â€HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS (HPV)â€

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    Q: My fiance has experienced water retention and discoloration in his right foot and leg for around 2 years. Doctors had him on water pills, coreg for vascular issues and glyberide for high blood sugars. He ordered the Pancreas kit and around a week into the program experienced more swelling in the foot and leg. He stopped the program to resume taking the water pill to see if this would help. He has gained around 12 lbs which is water held in this leg. I know the natural way of good nutrition and herbs is a good course to follow but can you offer some suggestions to help these issues. 1. water retention 2. His stomach rumbles and gurgles 24 hours a day to the point where I thought our neighbors were dragging furniture across the floor. This has caused him considerable embarrassment at work. We are eating a vegan diet about 50% raw-50%-cooked. Oddly enough when he eats a standard American diet the rumbling stops. 3. High blood pressure. Thank you so much for answering my previous letter to you. I believe in what you are doing, and know that the body will heal at it's own pace with proper care. I have resolved a urinary problem just a week into your Detox program and think it's great.


    Your husband is NOT getting proper circulation to his extremities. He should have not stopped the Pancreas kit because it is common for things to get worse before better. He should have judged himself after the kit was finished in 3-weeks. He experienced the HEALING CRISIS and stopped! He should complete the kit and regimen (perhaps even starting over).

    His stomach is making noises because he's having digestive problems. He needs to eat as much raw foods as possible and rink plenty of vegetable juice. SAD foods stops his stomach from gurgling because that's what's in his stomach; and when he does not give his stomach what it wants (a sign of fasting and cleansing), he hear the noise from his stomach. Again, the healing crisis. Things will get worse before they get better. However, you don't stop!

    High blood pressure is due to his toxic state and poor circulation!

    Have him perform the Full Body Detox and right after the Full Body Detox, the Pancreas kit and regimen.

    There's healing from him!

    Please peruse some of our free articles so as to truly learn what's going on with his/your bodies pertaining to healing.

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    Q: Hi, thanks for giving people like me some hope that we can all be healed. I recently bought the FULL BODY DETOX and I see where I need to drink distilled water for the first 2 weeks. I am unable to find distilled water here (Jamaica) but I see deionized water is that the same thing as distilled water?


    It's not the same water but it will do!

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    Q: I see also that you recommend a complete diet with these programs. I am guessing its a vegan diet right? I wanted to ask something on that is coconut milk and coconut oils ok for that? I personally had a very hard time trying to eat that many vegetables and many ph balance vegans seem to think fruits aren?t good either. I eat that many vegetables one it tears me up the next day and two I just cant consume enough calories that way. I can try and make up for it by eating things like almonds but I eat to many almonds I get the same problem the next day. Now coconut milk (unsweetened) and a digestive enzyme works for me for picking up extra calories.... but I hear very conflicting information about coconut and its saturated fat content. Is it ok to use daily as a part of the diet for cleansing? And your oxy-drops are those the same as the drop for ph balancing water?? Or is it something different? I am wanting to start lifting weights as I need to put on some muscle and I?m wondering if its something that would be beneficial in combating muscle soreness by increased oxygen in the body.


    The diet we recommend is vegan-based, and RAW FOODS. Fresh fruits, vegetables, raw nuts and seeds are ideal.

    Coconut Milk and Coconut Oil are excellent products to have in your diet. The healthy fats will keep you fuller.

    Oxy-Drops can help balance your electrolytes that need to be replenished after a workout in order to keep your body performing efficiently. 

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    Q: Question, I usually drink distilled water but for the last month or so I?ve been drinking more sparkling water with lemon ["Blu' Italy"] ...it sparkling water good for u or no?


    It's your choice! If it has carbonation in it, I wouldn't drink too much of it. Spring water is best on the market (unless you can find a brand of water that is alkaline and antioxidant). Drinking too much distilled water can leech vital nutrients from the body. Switch up between distilled and spring.

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    Q: I am a 55 year old female. I have an overactive bladder. I am trying to control it myself, without medication. I have not tried herbs. I eat fruits, vegetables, grains and proteins (not beef or pork). I added back more meat proteins 1 1/2 years ago because I was becoming so tired and lacking energy. (I read The Schwartzbein Diet, which helped convince me to add more protein.) I don't eat much sugar, salt (only 500 mg./day) or hardly any processed foods. I drink water and licorice tea, because it makes me feel good. I believe in the power of positive thinking. Can you help me with this?


    The steps you are taking in your diet are a great start. Try going raw, and eliminating grains and meat altogether. You can get enough protein and healthy fats with avocado, pumpkin seeds, chia seeds, almonds, brazil nuts, coconut. You can also add Vegan Protein Powder to smoothies.

    I also recommend you give our Full Body Cleanse a try to further detoxify your entire body. After detoxing, the ideal formula for you is our Kidneys Bladder-Adrenal formula.

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    Q: What foods in the "SAD" causes body odor ( smelly underarms)? What causes sweat to smell?


    What causes body odor as far as SAD (Standard American Diet) is concerned is MEAT (dead, slaughtered animal flesh), DAIRY PRODUCTS (liquefied cow snot/pus), REFINED GRAINS (Elmer's glue/paste), REFINED STARCHES (stiffening agent), and ACIDIC beverages.

    Underarm sweat stinks because our internal odors ooze out through our pores. The outer (condition) always reflects the inner (condition).

    Dead animals will naturally rot and decay and you know how a dead dog, cat, fish or rat smells ...right? Well, there you go!

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    Q: Hi, about 4-6 months ago I performed a full body detox, followed up by the 10 day bowel cleanse. Ever since that detox program my periods have changed. Now when I have my period the first day I feel very faint (and sometimes do faint), and feel my energy drain from my body. I proceed to get sick, throw up often, and sweat profusely. I never had cramps before and the levels of cramps I experience now are violent. Is this normal? I never experienced any of this until my detox. On the plus side, my period is more timely, and has changed colors as you said to a more oxygenated color. I'm assuming that I'm on that path to healing, but if there is something I can do to move forward I'd appreciate your advice. Getting sick like this scares me, but also not looking very good with my employer.


    Please read our articles "HEALING CRISIS" and "IS THIS NORMAL?" Your body is simply regulating itself. Take 3 capsules of MOON CYCLE FORMULAdaily and drink 1-2 cups of FEMALE HEALTH TEA daily. The MENSTRUAL ABDOMINAL OIL will also help.