Therapeutic Herbal Glossary

Abortifacient: An herb used to induce or cause abortion or spontaneous abortion.

Absorbent: An herb used to produce absorption of exudes or diseased tissues.

Adaptogen: An herb that help normalize body chemistry and increase resistance to stress.

Alterative: Tonifying herb that restores proper body function and vitality by correcting and improving blood composition.

Analgesic: Herb that relieves pain (taken orally).

Anodyne: Herb relieving pain (applied externally).

Antacid: Agent that corrects acidic conditions in the stomach, blood, and colon.

Anthelmintic: Herb that help destroy or expel intestinal worms and parasites from the digestive system.

Anti-arthritic: Herb used to relieve or palliate and heal arthritic-type conditions.

Anti-asthmatic: Herb that is used to relieve asthma.

Anti-bilious: Herb that helps neutralize and remove excess bile, and overcome jaundice conditions.

Anti-biotic: Herb that will kill and arrest the growth of harmful micro-organism.

Anti-catarrhal: Herb that help remove excess mucus and congestion, particularly from the respiratory tract.

Anti-emetic: Herb that relieve nausea and upset stomach, and help prevent vomiting.

Anti-Fungal: Herb that destroys or prevent the growth of fungal infections.

Anti-hydopic: Herb used to eliminate excess body fluids or dropsy.

Anti-inflammatory: Herb that helps reduce or overcome inflammation, internally and externally.

Anti-lithic: Herb that helps remove the formation of stones or sediment in the urinary tract.

Anti-microbial: Herb that help overcome and destroy pathogenic bacteria, and strengthens the immune (“defense’) system.

Anti-neoplastic: Herb used to help combat tumorous growth.

Anti-oxidant: Herb that increase the uptake of tissue oxygen and scavenge free radicals.

Anti-periodic: Herb used to relieve malarial-type conditions, i.e., chills, fever, sickle cell, etc.

Anti-philogistic: Herb used to reduce inflammation or swelling.

Antipyretic: Herb that help reduce fevers.

Anti-septic: Herb that combats and neutralizes pathogenic bacteria, and prevents infection.

Anti-spasmodic: Muscle relaxant herb that relieve cramping and spasms.

Anti-syphilitc: Herb that help overcomes sexually transmitted diseases.

Anti-tussive: Herb that prevents and relieves coughing and sore throat.

Anti-venomous: Herb used as an antidote to animal (i.e. snakebite), vegetable, and mineral poisons.

Anti-viral: Herb that combats and neutralizes pathogenic viruses.

Aperient: Herb that has mild laxative activity.

Aphrodisiac: Herb that increase, enhance, and strengthen sexual desire and vitality.

Aromatic: Herb with strong, pleasant odors, that ca stimulate digestion and well-being through both carminative activity and smell.

Astringent: Herb that tighten and contract tissue, and reduce irritation, secretions and discharges.

Balsamic: Herb that mitigate, soothe, and heal inflamed parts.

Bitter: Herb with strong, bitter taste that stimulate and tone the digestive system to produce healthful counteractive juices and secretions, such as bile.

Calmative: Herb used to alleviate stress and nervous tension.

Cardio-tonic: Herb that strengthen and tonify the heart and circulatory activity.

Carminative: Herb that normalize digestive system peristalsis to relieve flatulence (gas).

Cathartic: Herb to stimulate purging from the bowel.

Caustic: Herb that burn or destroy organic tissues.

Cell Proliferant: Herb to promote rapid new cell growth.

Chologogue: Herb that stimulate bile secretion from the gall-bladder, engendering natural laxative activity and digestive improvement.

Contra-indication: A term denoting conditions not to use a certain herb or formula.

Cordial: Tonic herb that warm the stomach and stimulate cardiac activity.

Demulcent: Soothing coating mucilaginous herb that protects irritated and inflamed tissue.

Dental Anodyne: Herb used locally to relieve pain from an exposed tooth nerve (toothache).

Deobstruent: Herb that removes obstructions.

Dessicant: Herb that dry surfaces by absorbing moisture.

Depurant: Blood purifying herb that stimulate the elimination of toxins.

Diaphoretic: Herb that include sweating, releasing body toxins through perspiration.

Digestant: Amino acid, enzyme-containing herb that promote digestion and nutrient assimilation.

Discutient: Herb that dissolve and remove tumors and abnormal growths.

Diuretic: Herb that stimulate kidney and bladder activity, and increase the flow of urine.

Electuary: A sweet paste, food or drink that is used to mask bitter or medicine-tasting herbs so they may be taken by children.

Emetic: Herb that in high dosage causes vomiting to rid the body of toxic substances or excess mucous congestion.

Emmenagogue: Herb that stimulate and normalize menstrual flow.

Emollient: Externally applied, soothing herbs that smooth and soften the skin and reduce inflammatory skin conditions.

Expectorant: Herb that help remove mucus congestion from the chest and respiratory system.

Febrifuge: Herb that help reduce fevers.

Galactagogue: Herb that enhances and increases the flow of MotherÂ’s breast milk.

Hemostatic: Herb that help stop bleeding.

Hepatic: Herb that support and stimulate the liver, gallbladder, and spleen and increase bile flow.

Hormonal: Herb that promotes hormone secretion and formation in the body.

Hypnotic: Herb that help induce normal natural sleep.

Hypotensive: Herb that lowers blood pressure.

Laxative: Herb that promote evacuation of the bowels.

Lithotriptic: Herb that dissolve and discharge urinary and gall bladder stones and gravel.

Lymphatic: Herb used to stimulate and cleanse the lymphatic system.

Mucilaginous: Herb with high mucilage content that has soothing, demulcent action.

Nervine: Herb that tone, relax and have a strengthening effect on the nervous system.

Nutritive: Food supplement herbs, rich in minerals and other nutrients, and that nourish and promote physical system.

Ophthalmic: Herb that heal and relieve eye disorders.

Oxytocic: Herb that aid uterine contractions in childbirth.

Parasiticides: Herb that kill and remove parasites from the skin.

Parturient: Herb that stimulates contractions in childbirth.

Pectoral: Herb that helps heal and strengthen the lung and respiratory system.

Prophylactic: Herb that help ward off and prevent disease.

Purgative: Herb that promotes watery evacuation of the bowels.

Rubefacient: Herb that increase circulation and stimulate dilation of the capillaries.

Sedative: Herb that calm the nervous system, and reduce stress and tension.

Sialogogue: Herb that stimulates salivary secretions.

Soporific: Herb that help induce sleep.

Stimulant: Herb that accelerate, enliven, and vitalize body functions.

Stomachic: Herb that strengthen and tone the stomach and its function, and stimulate appetite.

Styptic: Herb that reduces and stops external bleeding.

Sudorific: Herb that stimulate and increase perspiration.

Tonic: Herb that strengthen and tone specific organs and body parts.

Vaso-dilator: Herb that cause relaxation and expansion of the blood vessel.

Vermifuge:Herb that helps expel and/or destroy intestinal parasites

Vulnerary: Herb externally applied which aid in healing cuts and wounds.

2015-09-21T10:37:32-07:00